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WBCS Syllabus 2023

The authorities West Bengal Public Service Commission (WBPSC) frames the WBCS syllabus 2023 for the West Bengal Civil Service (WBCS) examination. Aspirants should check the syllabus before beginning their WBCS exam preparations. The process consists of three stages, Prelims, Mains, and Interview/ Personality Test. There are two main parts under which the syllabus is studied which are:

      WBCS Prelims Syllabus

      WBCS Mains Syllabus

The WBCS syllabus for Prelims is for 200 marks, while the Mains syllabus is different for Group A, B, C, and D posts. aspirants should download the syllabus PDF in order to get detailed knowledge about the WBPSC syllabus for the Prelims and Mains exam. 

WBCS Syllabus PDF

We have provided the aspirants with the WBCS syllabus PDF. They must go through the WBPSC syllabus PDF to thoroughly understand the important topics for each exam stage.

Download WBCS Syllabus PDF

WBCS Syllabus- Prelims

WBCS Prelims is an objective type of test which will have questions based on 8 different sections allotted 25 marks each which will make for a total of 200 marks. This exam is meant to screen candidates. The selection of the candidates is based on the Mains and Interview marks.

      WBCS Question Papers

      WBCS Eligibility

The WBCS syllabus for Prelims consists of sections like English Language, General Science, Indian National Movement, Current Events of National & International Importance, Geography of India with special reference to West Bengal, History of India, Indian Polity and Economy, and General Mental Ability.

WBCS Prelims Syllabus - Subject Wise



English Composition

Vocabulary tests, Synonyms, and Antonyms, Phrasal Verbs, Idioms, and Phrases, One-word substitution, Homophones, Fill in the blanks with proper parts of speech

General Science

Understanding of science, General Appreciation, Including matters of everyday observation and experience as may be expected of a well-educated person who has not made a special study of any scientific discipline

History of India

Ancient History, Medieval History, and Modern History

Geography of India (a reference to West Bengal)

Main features of Indian Agricultural and Natural Resources, Physical Geography, including the Climate of West Bengal, Social Geography, and Economic Geography

Indian Polity and Economy

Panchayati Raj, Planning in India, Community Development, Political System, Indian Constitution, etc

Also, read:

Administrative Setup in West Bengal

Judicial System in West Bengal

Making of Indian Constitution

Indian National Movement

Growth of nationalism in India, the Nature, and Character of the 19th Century Resurgence, the Indian Independence Movement, the Revolt of 1857, etc.

General Mental Ability

Logical perception, natural conclusion, understanding, Common Aptitude, etc.

WBCS Mains Syllabus

Those who score the required WBCS cut off marks in Prelims will be called to appear in the Mains exam. The WBCS syllabus for Mains has 6 papers in total. Paper 1 and Paper 2 are conventional/descriptive in nature, while Papers 3, 4, 5, and 6 are objective in nature.

The papers included in the WBCS Mains syllabus are Bengali/ Hindi/ Urdu/ Nepali/ Santali, English, General Studies 1, General Studies 2, Indian Constitution & Indian Economy, and Arithmetic & Reasoning. Group A and B posts shall also have two optional papers, Papers 7 & 8, only for.

WBCS Mains Syllabus 2023




Paper I

Bengali/ Hindi/ Urdu/ Nepali/ Santali

Letter writing (within 150 words)

Drafting of Report( within 200 words)

Precis Writing

Composition and

Translation from English to Bengali/Hindi/Urdu/Nepali/Santali

Paper 2


Letter writing (within 150 words)

Drafting of Report( within 200 words)

Precis Writing,

Composition and

Translation from Bengali/Hindi/Urdu/Nepali/Santali to English

Paper 3

General Studies 1

Indian History (special emphasis on National Movement)

Geography of India (with special reference to West Bengal)

Paper 4

General Studies 2

Science and Scientific & Technological advancement


General Knowledge and Current Affairs

Paper 5

Indian Constitution & Indian Economy

The Constitution of India

Indian Economy - Planning and objectives of five years plan

Monetary Policy and Functions of Reserve Bank of India

Central and State Finance Commission, Fiscal Policy of Government of India

Paper 6

Arithmetic & Test of Reasoning

Logical Deduction

The Forcefulness of the Arguments

Implication of sentences

Inferring from diagrams

Series, Letter series

Number Series, Analogy tests, Symbol Interpretation, Mathematical puzzles, Odd man out, Perception tests, Non-verbal Reasoning & selecting the correct sequence.

Paper 7

Optional Subject

Two papers of 200 marks each (One subject is to be chosen)

Paper 8

WBCS Syllabus - List of Optional Subjects for Mains

There are  optional papers in the WBCS Mains syllabus for Group A and B posts. Aspirants can select any of the subjects out of the 37 subjects. Here is a list of optional subjects for the Mains exam from the WBCS Syllabus.

WBCS Syllabus- List of Optional Papers























Comparative Literature




Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Science








Civil Engineering


Commerce and Accountancy


Computer Science




Electrical Engineering














Mechanical Engineering


Medical Science








Political Science










WBCS Interview

The last round of the WBCS examination process is the WBCS Interview/Personality Test. Those who qualify in the Mains exam shall be called to appear for the interview. They will be selected only on their marks in the Mains and Interviews. The marks for the interview vary for Group A, B, C, and D categories of candidates. Those appearing for Group A and B posts will be marked out of 200. For Group C, it is 150 marks; for Group D, it is 100 marks.

What is the Difference Between WBCS Syllabus for Prelims & Mains?

The main difference in the syllabi is that Prelims shall have only objective questions, while Mains shall have some papers that are objective, while some are subjective. Here are the differences between the two stages:

WBCS Prelims Syllabus

WBCS Mains Syllabus

The Prelims syllabus consists of 8 sections

The Mains exam consists of 6 compulsory papers. (2 optional papers are also there but only for Group A and B posts)

WBCS Prelims shall have only objective questions.

Papers 3, 4, 5, 6 i.e. General Studies 1, General Studies 2, The Constitution of India and Indian Economy including role and functions of the Reserve Bank of India, Arithmetic and Test of Reasoning are objective in nature, while Paper 1 and Paper 2 are conventional papers.

This exam is used only for screening purposes, and its marks are not included in preparing the merit list.

This paper is crucial as its marks are used to prepare the merit list of candidates.

How to Prepare the WBPSC Syllabus?

Aspirants must practice enough and plan their preparation carefully. In order to help them we have included preparation advice from subject experts for covering the WBCS syllabus 2023. The preparation tips for the WBCS exam are as follows:

      To analyze key themes, be familiar with the WBCS exam pattern along with the syllabus.

      Mark the topics as strong and weak.

      Plan a comprehensive strategy for the WBCS preparation which targets your important topics.

      Try to hone your strengths and improve upon your weaknesses.

      Plan your study time based on the weightage of the topic and the candidate's strengths and shortcomings.

      Exam questions have a negative marking, so answer them carefully.

Best Books for WBCS Syllabus

Books play a very important role when it comes to preparing for a significant exam like WBPSC. Aspirants should therefore collect the best books to prepare the WBCS syllabus. The following list contains the subject-wise WBCS books that will contribute to a large extent in your preparation.



General Science

LUCENT General Science and Lucent’s GK, NCERTs

History and Indian National Movement

Spectrum, Bipin Chandra


G.C. Leong

Polity and Economy

Laxmikanth (Polity), Ramesh Singh(Economy)

Current Affairs

Newspaper-Hindu/Indian Express, BYJU'S Exam Prep Monthly Current Affairs for PCS Exams

West Bengal GK

WBCS GS Manual by Nitin Singhania

FAQs on WBCS Syllabus

What is WBCS Syllabus 2023?

WBPSC Syllabus 2023 covers the syllabus for both the Prelims and Mains exams. The WBCS Prelims syllabus has 8 different sections. The Mains Syllabus has 6 compulsory papers and 2 optional papers. The optional paper is only for the Group A and B posts General Studies papers and Optional subjects papers.

Can I download the WBCS Syllabus PDF?

Yes, aspirants can download the WBCS Syllabus PDF for Prelims and Mains exams. The official syllabus PDF lists all the topics asked in the exam. Aspirants can download the syllabus of WBCS by clicking on the link that is given below:

Download WBCS Syllabus PDF

What is the WBCS Syllabus for Prelims exam?

WBCS Prelims Syllabus has 8 sections testing the General Knowledge of the candidates. The Prelims syllabus consists of English, Science, History, Geography, Economics, Polity, Indian National Movement, Mental ability, and Current Affairs. The total marks for this paper are 200 and have only objective questions.

Is the WBCS Syllabus for Prelims and Mains similar?

Yes, we can say that the WBCS Prelims syllabus is somewhat similar to Mains in some aspects. Candidates must start their preparation keeping in mind the syllabus of the Mains exam. The Prelims topics are covered in one of the Mains papers. So start your preparation for Mains simultaneously from day one.

What is the WBCS Mains Syllabus?

WBCS syllabus for the Mains exam has 6 compulsory subject papers and 2 optional subject papers. Candidates for Group A and B posts must attempt the optional subject paper. The six papers for the WBCS mains syllabus consist of Bengali/Hindi/Urdu/Nepali/Santali paper, English paper, General Studies 1, General Studies 2, The Constitution of India and Indian Economy, including role and functions of Reserve Bank of India and Arithmetic & Test of Reasoning.

Did the WBCS Syllabus change recently?

No, the WBCS syllabus remains constant year after year. The syllabus and the format are both unchanged. The General Awareness segment evaluates applicants based on their broad knowledge and familiarity with the present situation. To ace this section, candidates must be knowledgeable about current events.

How can I complete the WBCS Syllabus in 3 months?

To get the desired outcome and the desired job profile, it is crucial for applicants to thoroughly prepare for the WBCS syllabus. If you put up committed effort and consistently review the previously studied subjects, you can complete the entire syllabus in three months. You just have to follow some simple steps which mainly include having proper knowledge of the exam information first.

Is Bengali necessary for WBCS syllabus? Can I attempt exam in different language?

Aspirants can attempt the WBCS syllabus for language papers in any one of the Hindi/ Urdu/ Santhali/ Bengali/ Nepali languages. Candidates can attempt the exam in English and Bengali. Aspirants may need knowledge of the Bengali language for administration work, but they don't need it for the exam.

What are the best books to cover the WBCS Syllabus 2023?

The best books to prepare for the WBCS syllabus can be categorized into two sections of Prelims and Mains. Some of the best books to prepare topics for the Prelims and Mains examination are as follows-

      General Science - LUCENT General Science and Lucent’s GK, NCERTs

      History and Indian National Movement - Spectrum, Bipin Chandra

      Polity and Economy - Laxmikanth (Polity), Ramesh Singh(Economy)

      Geography - G.C. Leong

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